J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Abbey Bridge and the Abbey Ruins by the River Tavy, Tavistock 1814

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 143 Verso:
Abbey Bridge and the Abbey Ruins by the River Tavy, Tavistock 1814
D09661
Turner Bequest CXXXII 143a
Pencil on white wove paper, 90 x 152 mm
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Tavistock stands on the River Tavy outside the western borders of Dartmoor and east of the Tamar Valley. Its abbey once dominated the centre of the town, running south-west to north-east along the north bank of the Tavy down- and upstream of Abbey Bridge. After the Dissolution in the 1530s it fell into ruin and only fragments remain today. There was more to see in Turner’s time, but following some restoration work by the Duke of Bedford in the 1820s to the pinnacled buildings beside the town hall off Abbey Place, most of the area beyond, north-west of the bridge, was cleared after 1859 to make way for an extensive market.1
Here, with the sketchbook inverted relative to the foliation, Turner looks north across the Tavy to Abbey Bridge and the walls of the abbey. The medieval bridge has since been rebuilt in rusticated classical style with a balustrade, and the gabled building on the left with an arch and an oriel window does not survive. However, the subject is confirmed by Samuel Prout’s 1811 etching of Tavistock (Westcountry Studies Library, Exeter), showing a similar view with the weir on the Tavy in the foreground.
There are other Tavistock views on folios 144 verso and 146 recto and verso (D09663, D09666, D09667). The last of these shows the abbey wall and the gabled building from another direction.
Views of the countryside near Buckland Monachorum, a few miles to the south, are on folios 122 verso and 123 verso (D09621, D09623)

Matthew Imms
June 2014

1
See Bridget Cherry and Nikolaus Pevsner, Devon, The Buildings of England, revised ed., New Haven and London 2002, p.780.

How to cite

Matthew Imms, ‘Abbey Bridge and the Abbey Ruins by the River Tavy, Tavistock 1814 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, June 2014, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, September 2014, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-abbey-bridge-and-the-abbey-ruins-by-the-river-tavy-tavistock-r1147210, accessed 08 April 2020.