J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Berwick Castle and the Tweed Estuary 1831

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 44 Verso:
Berwick Castle and the Tweed Estuary 1831
Turner Bequest CCLXV 44a
Pencil on white wove paper, 59 x 96 mm
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
With the sketchbook inverted across this and folio 45 (D25724) is a sketch of part of Berwick Castle and the Tweed estuary seen from the east. Along with one of the remaining towers, the most distinctive feature of the castle is the stepped White Wall which descends the steep north bank of the Tweed. There is a similar view on folio 46 (D25726). Turner’s sketch of the town from the other side of the castle in the Abbotsford sketchbook (Tate D26009–D26010; Turner Bequest CCLXVII 48a–49) formed the basis of his watercolour Berwick-upon-Tweed circa 1832 (whereabouts unknown).1
For references to further sketches of Berwick in this sketchbook, see folio 13 verso (D25665).

Thomas Ardill
September 2009

Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.430 no.1092.

How to cite

Thomas Ardill, ‘Berwick Castle and the Tweed Estuary 1831 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, September 2009, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-berwick-castle-and-the-tweed-estuary-r1134087, accessed 27 November 2020.