J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Castle of La Rancia near Macerata 1819

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 3 Verso:
Castle of La Rancia near Macerata 1819
D14658
Turner Bequest CLXXVII 3 a
Pencil on white wove paper, 186 x 110 mm
Inscribed in pencil by the artist ‘Tower di Bandina’ beneath the sketch and ‘4’ and ‘4’ above the tower within the sketch
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
This small sketch, occupying the top third of the sketchbook page, depicts the castle of La Rancia, a large fortress which lies close to the road between Macerata and Tolentino. Originally a grain store (grancia) for the Cistercian monks of the nearby abbey, the building was fortified during the fourteenth century. It had been the focus of numerous battles in Italy’s troubled history, including most recently in May 1815, when Giocchino Murat, the King of Naples and brother-in-law of Napoleon Bonaparte, was defeated here by Austrian troops in the Battle of Tolentino. Despite being drawn swiftly, probably from a moving carriage on the highway, Turner has clearly captured the distinctive square towers and swallow-tail castellations of the fort. The accompanying inscription ‘Tower di Bandina’, recalls the site’s connection with the nearby abbey of Santa Maria di Chiaravalle di Fiastra, owned since the late eighteenth century by the powerful Bandini family.
The position of this drawing within the sketchbook disrupts the correct geographical sequence of views according to Turner’s route from Ancona. Other sketches of the castle can be found on folios 16 verso (D14684) and 20 verso (D14692).

Nicola Moorby
November 2008

How to cite

Nicola Moorby, ‘Castle of La Rancia near Macerata 1819 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, November 2008, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-castle-of-la-rancia-near-macerata-r1138820, accessed 29 January 2022.