J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Castle Ruins among Mountains in the Tyrol Alps, Possibly Burg Schrofenstein, near Landeck 1840

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 14 Verso:
Castle Ruins among Mountains in the Tyrol Alps, Possibly Burg Schrofenstein, near Landeck 1840
D32290
Turner Bequest CCCXX 14a
Pencil on white wove paper, 149 x 89 mm
Inscribed by Turner in pencil ‘[?Shrofberg]’ towards top left
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
There are two drawings here, one made with the page turned horizontally, apparently showing different aspects of a ruined castle in isolation from its setting. The setting is presumably the Tyrol Alps, travelling east from Sankt Anton am Arlberg (see folio 10 verso opposite; D32282) towards Landeck (see under folio 16 verso; D32294).
Finberg later annotated his 1909 Inventory entry including his reading of Turner’s note (‘Ruins of “Shrofberg (?).”’): ‘?Kronburg, nr Landeck’.1 Burg Kronburg is on a summit three or four miles north-east of Landeck in the direction of Innsbruck, but is more compact than the structure in Turner’s sketches. Burg Schrofenstein, a hillside ruin north of the centre of Landeck, seems more likely given Turner’s inscription, which may indeed be ‘Shrofberg’, but it too appears to be a less extensive building, with a single square tower rising from a relatively small keep. The same ruin may be shown in its mountainous context on folio 15 recto opposite (D32291).
A long sequence of sketches, mostly characterised as ‘Mountains’ by Finberg (with occasional identifications and transcriptions of the place names marked by the artist), lies between folios 7 recto and 76 recto (D32275–D32411).2 See the sketchbook’s Introduction for the likely overall route between Bregenz and Venice.3

Matthew Imms
September 2018

1
Undated MS note by Finberg (died 1939) in interleaved copy of Finberg 1909, Prints and Drawings Room, Tate Britain, II, opposite p.1030.
2
See Finberg 1909, II, pp.1030–2.
3
See also Cecilia Powell, Turner in Germany, exhibition catalogue, Tate Gallery, London 1995, pp.65, 81 note 9.

How to cite

Matthew Imms, ‘Castle Ruins among Mountains in the Tyrol Alps, Possibly Burg Schrofenstein, near Landeck 1840 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, September 2018, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2019, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-castle-ruins-among-mountains-in-the-tyrol-alps-possibly-burg-r1196525, accessed 07 August 2022.