J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner ?Caudebec-en-Caux , Normandy ?1832

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 16 Recto:
?Caudebec-en-Caux , Normandy ?1832
Turner Bequest CCLII 16
Pencil on white wove paper, 114 x 187 mm
Partial watermark ‘YMAN | 28’
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘16’ top left, inverted
Stamped in black ‘CCLII – 16’ top left, inverted
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Inverted in relation to the sketchbook as foliated, the scene at the centre of this page features a building with a tall spire in a wide river valley. Both Caudebec-en-Caux and Harfleur on the Normandy banks of the Seine were dominated by a single Gothic spire such as this, although the edifice and surrounding terrain are too cursorily sketched too confirm a more definite location. To the left of the page, scratchy passages suggestive of trees frame the view. For a comparison, see the watercolours of Caudebec that Turner worked up with a view to engraved reproduction around this time: Tate D20235 (Turner Bequest CCXXI B), D24670 (Turner Bequest CCLIX 105), D24760 (Turner Bequest CCLIX 195), and D24818 (Turner Bequest CCLIX 253). For the watercolours of Harfleur developed for the same purpose, see Tate D24667 (Turner Bequest CCLIX 102), D24654 (Turner Bequest CCLIX 89), D24761 (Turner Bequest CCLIX 196). These watercolours culminated in two engravings in the 1834 volume of Turner’s Annual Tour: Wanderings by the Loire and Seine (1833–5; later reissued as Rivers of France);1 see Tate T05596 and T05601.

John Chu
April 2014

W[illiam] G[eorge] Rawlinson, The Engraved Work of J.M.W. Turner, R.A., vol.II, London 1908, p.266–7 nos.457, 462.

How to cite

John Chu, ‘?Caudebec-en-Caux , Normandy ?1832 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, April 2014, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, April 2015, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-caudebec-en-caux--normandy-r1175040, accessed 26 January 2022.