J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Château Gaillard and Les Andelys, Normandy 1832

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 51 Verso:
Château Gaillard and Les Andelys, Normandy 1832
Turner Bequest CCLIV 51a
Pencil on white wove paper, 174 x 117 mm
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
With the sketchbook turned horizontally, Turner filled the top half of this page with a wide view north towards Château Gaillard and the villages of Les Andelys from the Seine. Towards the top right-hand corner of the page are described the ruins of the castle’s twelfth-century fortifications perched on their steep eminence. To the left, some one hundred metres below, can be seen the needle-like spire of the Church of Saint-Sauveur at Petit Andely, and beyond this, the domed eighteenth-century edifice of the Saint-Jacques Hospital.
Of all the Seine valley sights, Château Gaillard and the local villages of Les Andelys were the subject of particular study in this sketchbook. For their frequent recurrence in its pages, see folios 44 recto to 47 verso (D23967–D23974; Turner Bequest 44–47a), 49 verso to 52 verso (D23978–D23984; Turner Bequest 49a–52a), 54 verso to 57 recto (D23988–D23993; Turner Bequest 54a–57), 58 recto (D23995; Turner Bequest CCLIV 58).
For the watercolours of this landmark in the Turner Bequest that the artist worked up with a view to engraved reproduction, see Tate D24678 (Turner Bequest CCLIX 113) and D24692 (Turner Bequest CCLIX 127). These culminated in two engravings in the 1835 volume of Turner’s Annual Tour: Wanderings by the Loire and Seine (1833–5; later reissued as Rivers of France); see Tate impressions T04708 and T04709.

John Chu
July 2014

How to cite

John Chu, ‘Château Gaillard and Les Andelys, Normandy 1832 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, July 2014, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, April 2015, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-chateau-gaillard-and-les-andelys-normandy-r1173387, accessed 20 October 2019.