J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Dieppe Castle from the East 1845

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 8 Recto:
Dieppe Castle from the East 1845
Turner Bequest CCCLX 9
Gouache and watercolour on white wove paper, 232 x 332 mm
Watermarked ‘J WHATMAN TURKEY MILL 1844’
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘9’ top left, upside down
Blind stamped with Turner Bequest monogram towards bottom left
Stamped in black ‘CCCLX 9’ top left, upside down
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Achieved without an underlying pencil drawing, this sketch depicts the western side of the castle at Dieppe as seen from the base of the chalk cliffs to the west of the town. The bulk of the medieval structure, with its high walls and battlements, shades into darker shades of ochre at the top of its towers.1 The tall arches of its large masonry bridge are picked out in dark pink. To impressive effect, the castle is brought closer to the sea then reality and the undulations of the cliffs exaggerated and reinforced by sweeping motions of the brush. The rows of curved brown objects to the right-hand side of the page may represent the decaying hulk of a shipwreck; their reflection in the seawater has been recreated with long thin strokes dragging blue gouache or very dry watercolour across page.
For reasons set out in the Technical notes in the sketchbook Introduction, this work appears inverted in relation to the volume as foliated.
For the castle’s history, see Claude Féron, Dieppe, Paris 1981, pp.22–3.
Blank; except for slight patches of grey watercolour near the binding transferred from folio 9 recto opposite (D35468; Turner Bequest CCCLX 10).

John Chu
February 2014

How to cite

John Chu, ‘Dieppe Castle from the East 1845 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, February 2014, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, April 2015, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-dieppe-castle-from-the-east-r1173563, accessed 26 January 2022.