J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Dieppe: The Quai Henri IV 1821

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 8 Verso:
Dieppe: The Quai Henri IV 1821
Turner Bequest CCLVIII 8a
Pencil on white wove paper, 123 x 118 mm
Inscribed in pencil by Turner ‘RB’ beneath the two women at the left, ‘w’ beneath the figures at the centre, and ‘RB’ beneath two figures at the right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
This harbour scene has been identified by Ian Warrell as depicting the Quai Henri IV at Dieppe.1 Turner has populated the sketch with numerous figures that, while being drawn in a rather generalised manner, have the distinctive aprons and bonnets of Normandy (see, for example, folio 5; Tate D24508; Turner Bequest CCLVIII 5). The inscriptions ‘RB’ and ‘w’ appear under several figures, perhaps referring to the colour of their costumes; presumably red, black (or blue) and white. The classical looking architectural structure at the right is a fountain that can also be seen to the left of the sketch of the quay on folio 13 (Tate D24524; Turner Bequest CCLVIII 13). Turner included it also in a watercolour study dated to around 1826 (Tate D20209; Turner Bequest CCXX C), and in his oil study of the harbour with women washing clothes: Dieppe: The Port from Quai Henry IV, ?1827–8 (Tate N03385).2 Beneath the sketch to the left are a few diagonal lines that probably represent the beginning of a sketch of a boat’s mast and rigging.
There is another sketch of Quai Henri IV on folio 16 (Tate D24530; Turner Bequest CCLVIII 16). For references to Turner’s other sketches of Dieppe made on this tour, see folio 1 verso (D24501; Turner Bequest CCLVIII 1v).

Thomas Ardill
February 2013

Ian Warrell, Turner catalogue files, Tate, CCLVIII 8a.
Bultin and Joll 1984, p.179 no.316 as ‘Scene on the Banks of a River’.

How to cite

Thomas Ardill, ‘Dieppe: The Quai Henri IV 1821 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, February 2013, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, August 2014, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-dieppe-the-quai-henri-iv-r1146302, accessed 05 December 2021.