J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Figure Studies 1821

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 2 Verso:
Figure Studies 1821
Turner Bequest CCLVIII 2v
Pencil on white wove paper, 118 x 123 mm
Inscribed in pencil by Turner (see main catalogue text)
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
This page, not catalogued by Finberg because of it being mounted to exhibit the recto (Tate D24502; Turner Bequest CCLVIII 2), is crowded with figures observed by Turner in France in 1821: studies of horses and carts (some of which are loaded up and covered with tarpaulins) and barrows. The figures include several soldiers, women in traditional Normandy costume, two monks carrying a cross. Such a page provided a useful repository of figures for future designs. There are further studies, many made at the quayside at Dieppe, scattered throughout the book, but this page has the greatest variety.
Inscription include: ‘Red jacket | Yellow [?]Pray’ to the right of the solider at the lower extreme-left; F[...] M[...]and’ beneath the two women at the lower left; ‘Old w[oman]’ between the women and another female figure; ‘Blue cloak’ between the old woman and a figure carrying a basket on his back at the lower centre of the page; ‘W / [...]’ between the figure carrying the basket and another figure to the right; ‘Blue [?]boot’ between two figures lower centre; ‘Quay [...] top right; [...] centre-right.
For further figures studies, see also folios: 1 verso, 2, 3, 5, 6, 13, 16, 24 verso, 25 and 32 (Tate D24501, D24502, D24504, D24508, D24510, D24524, D24530, D24546, D24547, D24560; Turner Bequest CCLVIII 1v, 2, 3, 4, 5, 13, 16, 24a, 25, 32). And in the Paris, Seine and Dieppe sketchbook: Tate D18562, D18566, D18574 and D40977 (Turner Bequest CCLXI 25a, 27a, 32 and Inside Front Cover).
Technical notes:
The page has marks in the four corners where it was previously pasted down to a support. The top right corner has a right-angle marking the position for a mount drawn in blue ink.

Thomas Ardill
March 2013

How to cite

Thomas Ardill, ‘Figure Studies 1821 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, March 2013, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, August 2014, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-figure-studies-r1146290, accessed 28 January 2022.