J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Fish Market, Rotterdam 1835

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 5 Verso:
Fish Market, Rotterdam 1835
Turner Bequest CCCXXI 5 a
Pencil on off-white laid paper, 95 x 153 mm
Inscribed in pencil by Turner ‘Fish Market’ bottom right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Here Turner depicts the Coolsingel fish market on the Leuvehaven at Rotterdam. The drawing was developed into a finished watercolour – the only known watercolour of a Dutch subject by Turner – and engraved by William Floyd for the second volume of the Gallery of Modern British Artists (see Tate impression T05149).1 The fish market is roughly sketched out in the foreground, though none of the townsfolk which crowd the foreground of the final watercolour design has been recorded in this preliminary sketch. In the background the tower of St Lawrence’s Church is visible, followed by the tower of the Walloon Church in Hoogstraat and the turret and dome of St Dominicus’ Church. The note ‘Fish Market’ is inscribed at bottom right.

Alice Rylance-Watson
April 2016

Not listed in Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979

How to cite

Alice Rylance-Watson, ‘Fish Market, Rotterdam 1835 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, April 2016, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, August 2017, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-fish-market-rotterdam-r1187273, accessed 25 January 2022.