J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Folkestone Harbour, with the Coast towards Dover in the Distance 1825

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 14 Verso:
Folkestone Harbour, with the Coast towards Dover in the Distance 1825
D18868
Turner Bequest CCXIV 14a
Pencil on white wove paper, 95 x 155 mm
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
With the page turned horizontally, the setting is Folkestone, as tentatively suggested by Finberg,1 looking east-north-east from the harbour, which was later considerably expanded and redeveloped. On the left are houses along the Stade, which do not survive, and Martello Tower No.3 on the skyline above the dark sail and hatched sandstone cliffs towards Copt Point.2 Beyond, the undulating line of white chalk cliffs along East Wear Bay stretch away to the distinctive profile of Shakespeare Cliff, about five miles off on the near side of Dover (see under folio 2 recto; D18843).
When cropped at each side, the view is closely comparable to the background of the watercolour Folkestone Harbour and Coast to Dover (Yale Center for British Art, New Haven),3 engraved in 1831 for the Picturesque Views in England and Wales (Tate impressions: T04570–T04571), where the foreground becomes a broad sandy beach as the setting for a smuggling-related scene. In his detailed study of the England and Wales series, Eric Shanes did not mention this sketchbook in relation to the watercolour, but noted drawings in the Richmond Hill; Hastings to Margate book of about 1816–19 (Tate D10477; Turner Bequest CXL 35a) and the Folkestone book of about 1821–2 (D17258–D17259, D17261; CXCVIII 30a, 31, 32).4
While the earlier drawings show similar prospects and demonstrate that the view had already made an impression on Turner, they are all slighter, and it seems likely that in practice he based the composition on the present drawing and the variants on folios 12 verso, 13 verso, and 17 recto (D18864, D18866, D18868); likely prompted by the shading here and on D18864 and D18866, not featured in the previous views, in the watercolour he was careful to differentiate between the darker cliffs above the harbour and the bright chalk beyond.
For Turner’s numerous other Folkestone views in this book (including sketches relating to other watercolours) and elsewhere, see under folio 8 recto (D18855).

Matthew Imms
September 2020

1
See Finberg 1909, II, p,651.
2
See Peter Faulkner ed., ‘Martello Towers in Kent’, Martello Towers, accessed 27 February 2020, https://martellotowers.co.uk/kent.
3
Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.396 no.826, reproduced.
4
See Eric Shanes, Turner’s Picturesque Views in England and Wales 1825–1838, London 1979, p.156.

How to cite

Matthew Imms, ‘Folkestone Harbour, with the Coast towards Dover in the Distance 1825 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, September 2020, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, March 2023, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-folkestone-harbour-with-the-coast-towards-dover-in-the-r1202220, accessed 21 June 2024.