J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Gledhow Hall, Leeds 1816

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 5 Recto:
Gledhow Hall, Leeds 1816
Turner Bequest CXXXIV 12
Pencil on white wove paper with gilt edges, 179 x 254 mm
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘12’ bottom right (very faint)
Blind-stamped with Turner Bequest monogram bottom right
Stamped in black ‘CXXXIV – 12’ bottom right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Gledhow Hall is seen here from the south. David Hill has noted that Turner has moved further in that direction, ‘looking for a view that would enable him to bring in the lake’ compared with the view on folio 3 recto (D09805; Turner Bequest CXXXIV 15), which he considers the first of Turner’s sketches;1 the Gledhow studies have been brought together in their current sequence when the sketchbook was rebound, despite their widely varying numbering (see the sketchbook’s Introduction). Hill also notes that here ‘a tree rather inconveniently obscures a part of the house’.2 There is a slight continuation to the left on folio 4 verso opposite (D09858).
Eric Shanes has noted this sketch in connection with the watercolour Gledhow of 1816 (private collection),3 engraved for Dr Whitaker’s Loidis and Elmete of 1816,4 but not issued until 1820. The direct source for the composition is the drawing on folios 3 verso–4recto (D09806, D09857; Turner Bequest CXXXIV 15a–58), while the subject and other views are discussed in the entry for D09805.
Hill 2008, p.99.
Hill 2008, p.101.
Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.362 no.543, reproduced.
See Shanes 1990, pp.77 under no.53, 283 note 44; see also Hill 2008, pp.99, 101.
Technical notes:
There is a stray pencil line running from just right of centre to the foot of the page.

Matthew Imms
July 2014

How to cite

Matthew Imms, ‘Gledhow Hall, Leeds 1816 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, July 2014, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, September 2014, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-gledhow-hall-leeds-r1147353, accessed 26 July 2021.