J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Ground Plan of the Temple of Vesta, Tivoli 1819

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Inside Front Cover
Ground Plan of the Temple of Vesta, Tivoli 1819
D40925
Turner Bequest
Pencil on white wove paper, 112 x 186 mm
Inscribed by the artist in pencil with numbers relating to diagram of temple ‘1 12 4 1 | 37 46 47 47
½ | 46 | 26 74 | 22 6’ within sketch centre right, and ‘18 Col 7 – 3 for W | [...] in the [?Trial]’
bottom right. Also ‘[?Carderra]’ and ‘[B...] bottom left, parallel with left-hand edge, ‘[?Cardern]’,
parallel with left-hand edge, and ‘The de [...]’ top left, parallel with left-hand edge
Stamped in black ‘CLXXIX’ top left
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Cecilia Powell has identified the diagrammatic sketch on the inside front cover of the Tivoli and Rome sketchbook as a ground plan of the so-called Temple of Vesta in Tivoli (formerly known as the Temple of the Sibyl).1 The drawing is annotated with numbers which presumably refer to the dimensions of the temple but the exact meanings of which remain unclear.2 Beneath the sketch the artist has noted that it originally had ‘18 col[umns]’. Further related notes can be found on folio 65 (D15048) and in the Tivoli sketchbook (Tate D15513; Turner Bequest CLXXXIII 44a). As an amateur architect and the Royal Academy’s Professor of Perspective, Turner’s interest in classical buildings extended beyond pure aesthetics and it is likely that he would have been familiar with measured drawings and plans of the Temple by fellow Academicians such as George Dance (1741–1825) and John Soane (1753–1837).3 The ruin forms the subject of a large number of sketches in this sketchbook, see folio 3 verso (D14938), and the Tivoli sketchbook (Tate D15513–D15518; Turner Bequest CLXXXIII 44a–7).
Also on this page are some faint drawings and inscriptions which appear to be studies of plants.

Nicola Moorby
December 2009

1
Powell 1984, p.410.
2
For information on the dimensions of the Temple of Vesta see Margaret Richardson, ‘John Soane and the Temple of Vesta at Tivoli’, Architectural History, vol.46, 2003, pp.127–130.
3
See ibid.

How to cite

Nicola Moorby, ‘Ground Plan of the Temple of Vesta, Tivoli 1819 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, December 2009, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-ground-plan-of-the-temple-of-vesta-tivoli-r1137564, accessed 25 June 2021.