J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Hals, Burg Hals and Burg Reschenstein from the Hillside near Passau 1840

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Hals, Burg Hals and Burg Reschenstein from the Hillside near Passau 1840
Turner Bequest CCCXL 4
Pencil on white wove paper, 212 x 276 mm
Blind-stamped with Turner Bequest monogram towards bottom right
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘4’ bottom right (now faint)
Stamped in black ‘CCCXL 4’ bottom right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
This elevated view is between lightly indicated trees, up the River Ilz towards Hals, with the spire of St Achatius’s Church at the bend, and that of the parish church of St George beyond to the north-north-west. To the right of the latter, houses climb the narrow neck of one of the river’s tight meanders up to the jagged ruins of Burg Hals; see Tate D33667 (Turner Bequest CCCXL 2), a colour study in this sketchbook showing the castle from the valley floor, looking back in this direction. Towards the skyline to the left of Burg Hals is the keep of Burg Reschenstein, itself commanding the neck of a second meander to the north-west (see D33666; CCCXL 1).
The viewpoint is the heights north of the Oberhaus fortress, which overlooks the confluence of the Ilz with the Danube and the Inn at Passau in the opposite direction (see D33668; CCCXL 3), but denser trees now obstruct a clear view. There is a variant pencil view on D33670 (CCCXL 4), from a little further west and nearer to Hals. For other contemporary views of Hals, Burg Hals and Passau, see the sketchbook’s Introduction.
Blank; inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘Book no 12’ bottom left; inscribed in pencil ‘CCCXL 4’ top right; stamped in black with Turner Bequest monogram over ‘CCCXL – 4’ bottom right.

Matthew Imms
September 2018

How to cite

Matthew Imms, ‘Hals, Burg Hals and Burg Reschenstein from the Hillside near Passau 1840 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, September 2018, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2019, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-hals-burg-hals-and-burg-reschenstein-from-the-hillside-near-r1196211, accessed 08 August 2020.