J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Hardraw Force 1816

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 30 Recto:
Hardraw Force 1816
Turner Bequest CXLVIII 15a
Pencil on white wove paper, 173 x 260 mm
Inscribed by Turner in pencil ‘Sun’, ‘Grey Stone’, Grass’
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
This is the right page of a double-page spread continued from folio 29 verso (Tate D11570; Turner Bequest CXLVIII 28a, bound opposite), forming a view of Hardraw Force from a more distant viewpoint than the more detailed sketch on the verso (D11547; Turner Bequest CXLVIII 15). The present writer dates Turner’s sketches at Hardraw to Sunday 28 July 1816. See notes to D11570 for Hardraw Force, a related colour study (Tate D25492; Turner Bequest CCXLIII 369) and the finished watercolour, Hardraw Fall (Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge),1 originally painted about 1816–17 for Thomas Dunham Whitaker’s General History of the County of York and engraved by Samuel Middiman in 1818 for the completed part, History of Richmondshire.
Finberg mistakenly treated this page as part of a double-page spread with D11549 (Turner Bequest CXLVIII 16, now bound as folio 38 recto). The mistake had been noticed and the book rebound accordingly before the present writer’s 1984 book.

David Hill
May 2009

Andrew Wilton, The Life and Work of J.M.W. Turner, Fribourg 1979, p.366 no.574.

How to cite

David Hill, ‘Hardraw Force 1816 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, May 2009, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2013, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-hardraw-force-r1143713, accessed 21 October 2019.