J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Houses on the Kolk, Rotterdam 1835

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 4 Recto:
Houses on the Kolk, Rotterdam 1835
Turner Bequest CCCXXI 4
Pencil on off-white laid paper, 95 x 153 mm
Inscribed in pencil by Turner ‘[?Canal]’ bottom left
Inscribed in red ink by Ruskin ‘4’ bottom right
Stamped in black ‘CCCXXI–4’ bottom right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
The sketch orientated horizontally is part of a panoramic view of Rotterdam continued from the folio opposite (Tate D32448; Turner Bequest CCCXXI 3). It shows the backs of houses in Toerijstuin, overlooking Kolk harbour.
The other sketch, rendered in accordance with the foliation, is a rough view of the Kolk, with St Lawrence’s tower outlined. The cross is shorthand for a windmill. Turner has inscribed a note at bottom left which may read ‘Canal’.

Alice Rylance-Watson
April 2016

How to cite

Alice Rylance-Watson, ‘Houses on the Kolk, Rotterdam 1835 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, April 2016, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, August 2017, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-houses-on-the-kolk-rotterdam-r1187270, accessed 18 May 2022.