J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Hylton Castle from Hylton Dene 1817

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 12 Recto:
Hylton Castle from Hylton Dene 1817
Turner Bequest CLVI 9
Pencil on white wove paper, 232 x 328 mm
Inscribed by Turner in pencil ‘Corn’ centre left, ‘corn’ towards top right, and ‘[?oak]’ centre right
Inscribed in pencil ‘9’ bottom right
Stamped in black ‘CLVI 9’ bottom right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Hylton Castle is seen as a blank silhouette on the horizon to the west-north-west up Hylton Dene. There is a smaller, wider view from a similar angle, also showing the Wear Valley to the south, on folio 11 verso opposite (D12273; Turner Bequest CLVI 8a), together with a detailed sketch of this side of the castle and its nearby chapel. Now surrounded by housing and industrial estates, the dene itself remains a combination of woods and fields. There are further studies on folios 12 verso and 13 recto (D12275, D12276; CLVI 9a, 10). See the entry for folio 13 recto and the introduction to the tour for more on the history of the site.
Technical notes:
The pencil number ‘9’ may obscure or reinforce John Ruskin’s customary red ink foliation, which is evident only faintly and intermittently in this much-rearranged book (see the sketchbook introduction).

Matthew Imms
February 2010

How to cite

Matthew Imms, ‘Hylton Castle from Hylton Dene 1817 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, February 2010, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-hylton-castle-from-hylton-dene-r1139474, accessed 21 July 2018.