J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Kilnsey Crag and Conistone, Upper Wharfedale 1816

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 36 Recto:
Kilnsey Crag and Conistone, Upper Wharfedale 1816
Turner Bequest CXLVIII 20
Pencil on white wove paper, 173 x 260 mm
Watermarked ‘J WH[ATMAN] |18[15]’
Inscribed by Turner in pencil ‘Hay’ and ‘C Cope | 29 Park Square | by the 31st of Decr’
Stamped in black ‘CXLVIII 20’ bottom right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
This is the right part of a double-page spread continued from folio 35 verso (D11555; Turner Bequest CXLVIII 19a, now bound opposite), recording the view from the left bank of the River Wharfe, just downstream of Conistone Bridge with Kilnsey village and Crag over the bridge to the left, and Conistone village to the right; D11555 has an additional detail of Conistone Chapel. Turner drew Kilnsey from a nearer viewpoint on folio 34 verso (D11553; Turner Bequest CXLVIII 18a), and the present subject was rehearsed in a quick sketch in the Yorkshire 2 sketchbook (Tate D11305; Turner Bequest CXLV 153). The present writer dates Turner’s sketches at Kilnsey to Friday 28 July 1816.
In the present binding of the sketchbook the sketches of Kilnsey interrupt views of Mossdale Fall in Wensleydale, which Turner visited some days after Kilnsey. A fairly comprehensive reordering of this part of the book appears to be required. For further comment see notes to folio 33 verso (D11576; Turner Bequest CXLVIII 31a).
Turner’s inscription appears to record a commission by Charles Cope of Leeds. A similar inscription appears on folio 32 recto with the additional date ‘1825’ (D11564; Turner Bequest CXLVIII 25). Charles Cope was an artist in his own right, and also an engraver, and it may be that he intended to publish a couple of Turner subjects, seemingly some nine years after the drawings were made. Turner also referred to the sketchbook in the mid-1820s for compositions for his series of Picturesque Views in England and Wales.

David Hill
May 2009

How to cite

David Hill, ‘Kilnsey Crag and Conistone, Upper Wharfedale 1816 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, May 2009, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2013, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-kilnsey-crag-and-conistone-upper-wharfedale-r1143725, accessed 25 February 2021.