J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Kirkstall Abbey: The Dormitory Undercroft, with Cows 1797

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 11 Recto:
Kirkstall Abbey: The Dormitory Undercroft, with Cows 1797
Turner Bequest XXXIV 10a
Pencil and watercolour, 210 x 270 mm
Watermark ‘1794 | J Whatman
Blind-stamped with Turner Bequest monogram bottom centre
Stamped in black ‘XXXIV 10a’ bottom left, descending vertically
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
A finished watercolour of the subject was exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1798 (346) as The Refectory of Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire. It is now in Sir John Soane’s Museum, London,1 having been bought from the artist’s gallery by Soane’s wife in 1804.2 The subject continued a theme that Turner had developed in his highly successful watercolour of The Transept of Ewenny Priory, Glamorganshire (National Museum Wales, Cardiff)3 shown the previous year and based on an outline sketch in his Smaller South Wales sketchbook (Tate D00472; Turner Bequest XXV 11). Turner reused the Kirkstall design for the Liber Studiorum, published in 1812 (Tate impressions: A00988, A00989); his watercolour drawing for that plate is Tate D08142 (Turner Bequest CXVII O).
He studied the twelfth-century Cistertian abbey and its buildings in more detail than almost any other of the main antiquarian sites he visited on this tour. Other drawings of Kirkstall are on the rectos of folios 12–17 (D00917–D00922; Turner Bequest XXXIV 11–16). The present sheet was given an Add. inventory number, having been removed by John Ruskin, as he noted, for separate display. Further studies of the abbey are in the Tweed and Lakes sketchbook (Tate D01005, D01006; Turner Bequest XXXV 2, 3).
The subject is drawn with the page turned horizontally.
Wilton 1979, p.325 no.234, pl.39.
See Hill 1985 p.45 note 23.
Wilton 1979, p.325 no.227, pl.28.
Technical notes:
The page is discoloured from exposure; the lower right corner has been torn away, and made good with similar paper.
Blank; stamped in brown ink with Turner Bequest monogram.

Andrew Wilton
January 2013

How to cite

Andrew Wilton, ‘Kirkstall Abbey: The Dormitory Undercroft, with Cows 1797 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, January 2013, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, November 2014, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-kirkstall-abbey-the-dormitory-undercroft-with-cows-r1150072, accessed 27 May 2024.