J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Lecture Diagram 41: Perspective Construction of a Tuscan Column c.1810

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Lecture Diagram 41: Perspective Construction of a Tuscan Column circa 1810
Turner Bequest CXCV 90
Pen and ink, pencil and watercolour over transfer ink on white wove paper, 680 x 484 mm
Watermarked ‘1794 | J WHATMAN’
Inscribed by Turner in red watercolour ‘41’ top left
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘90’ top right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Diagram 41 was prepared by Turner for Lecture 3 as Professor of Perspective at the Royal Academy. Presented as part of his discussion of the architectural orders and their component parts, it is a perspective construction of the Tuscan column depicted in Diagram 40 (Tate D17058; Turner Bequest CXCV 88). The guiding lines of both were traced from a preparatory drawing (Tate D17061, see also Tate D40004 and D40003). Turner explains that ‘after determining the hight [sic] of the horizontal line, the base line and vanishing points, a scale to work the measures should be made proportionate to enable the paper to contain the intended column’.1
Turner, ‘Royal Academy Lectures’, circa 1807–38, Department of Western Manuscripts, British Library, London, ADD MS 46151 M folio 13 verso, 15.
Technical Notes:
Peter Bower states that the sheet is Super Royal size Whatman paper made by William Balston and Finch and Thomas Robert Hollingworth at Turkey Mill, Maidstone, Kent. Bower writes that ‘all sheets in this batch have some streaking across the sheet, probably from a fault in the sizing’.1
Notes in Tate catalogue files.
Blank, save for an inscription by an unknown hand in pencil ‘91’ top left.

Andrea Fredericksen
June 2004

Supported by The Samuel H. Kress Foundation

Revised by David Blayney Brown
January 2012

How to cite

Andrea Fredericksen, ‘Lecture Diagram 41: Perspective Construction of a Tuscan Column c.1810 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, June 2004, revised by David Blayney Brown, January 2012, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-lecture-diagram-41-perspective-construction-of-a-tuscan-r1136511, accessed 26 May 2019.