J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Lecture Diagram 51: Perspective Construction of a Doric Entablature (after Thomas Malton Senior) c.1810

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Lecture Diagram 51: Perspective Construction of a Doric Entablature (after Thomas Malton Senior) circa 1810
D17069
Turner Bequest CXCV 99
Pencil and watercolour on white wove paper, 674 x 1004 mm
Watermarked ‘J WHATMAN | 1808’
Inscribed by Turner in red watercolour ‘51’ top left
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘99’ bottom right
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Diagram 51 is based on an illustration from A Compleat Treatise on Perspectivein Theory and practice on the True Principles of Dr Brook Taylor (1775, pl.XVIII, fig.86) by the elder Thomas Malton (1726–1801). See notes to Diagram 50 (Tate D17067; Turner Bequest CXCV 97) for the possibility that both may have been used to illustrate the treatment of a cornice, and for their relationship to Lecture 4 prepared by Turner as Professor of Perspective at the Royal Academy. Indications of a transfer process on the back suggest that Turner traced the drawing in order to make the guiding lines of Diagram 50.
Technical notes:
Peter Bower states that the sheet is Double Elephant size Whatman paper made by William Balston, at Springfield Mill, Maidstone, Kent. The largest group within the perspective drawings, this batch of paper shows a ‘grid-like series of shadows that can be seen within the sheet in transmitted light. This appears to have been caused by a trial method of supporting the woven wire mould cover on the mould’. Because this is the only batch he has seen with such a feature, Bower believes that ‘it may have been tried on one pair of moulds and for some reason never tried again’. He also writes that it is ‘not the best Whatman paper by any means; the weight of this group is also very variable and the moulds have not been kept clean during use’.1
1
Notes in Tate catalogue files.
Verso:
See Tate D40018, and notes above.

Andrea Fredericksen
June 2004

Supported by The Samuel H. Kress Foundation

Revised by David Blayney Brown
January 2012

How to cite

Andrea Fredericksen, ‘Lecture Diagram 51: Perspective Construction of a Doric Entablature (after Thomas Malton Senior) c.1810 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, June 2004, revised by David Blayney Brown, January 2012, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-lecture-diagram-51-perspective-construction-of-a-doric-r1136517, accessed 26 May 2019.