J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Mountains in the Vorarlberg Alps 1840

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 9 Verso:
Mountains in the Vorarlberg Alps 1840
Turner Bequest CCCXX 9a
Pencil on white wove paper, 89 x 149 mm
Partial watermark ‘& C’
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
A long sequence of sketches, mostly characterised as ‘Mountains’ by Finberg (with occasional identifications and transcriptions of the place names marked by the artist), lies between folios 7 recto and 76 recto (D32275–D32411).1 After Bregenz (see under folio 2 verso; D32266), Turner took a south-easterly route towards Venice through the rugged Vorarlberg and Tyrol Alps of Austria via Landeck, into the Austrian territories of northern Italy and the Dolomites by way of Bolzano (Bozen) and Belluno (see the sketchbook’s Introduction).2
Between folios 7 recto and 10 recto (D32275–D32281) the route through Austria is presumably south-east through the Vorarlberg province from Bregenz towards Sankt Anton am Arlberg at the western end of Tyrol on folio 10 verso (D32282), the next subject to be readily identified by its inscription. In the present drawings, made with the page turned horizontally, there appear to be two separate sketches side by side, likely showing successive aspects of a series of peaks rising to the jagged skyline.

Matthew Imms
September 2018

See Finberg 1909, II, pp.1030–2.
See Cecilia Powell, Turner in Germany, exhibition catalogue, Tate Gallery, London 1995, pp.65, 81 note 9.

How to cite

Matthew Imms, ‘Mountains in the Vorarlberg Alps 1840 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, September 2018, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2019, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-mountains-in-the-vorarlberg-alps-r1196515, accessed 07 August 2022.