J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Notes by James Hakewill on Travelling in Italy 1819

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 19 Recto:
Notes by James Hakewill on Travelling in Italy 1819
Turner Bequest CLXXI 19
Black ink on white wove paper, 88 x 114 mm
Inscribed by James Hakewill (see main catalogue entry)
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘19’ bottom right
Stamped in black ‘CLXXI 19’ bottom right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
This page contains an inscription by James Hakewill (1778–1843), with whom Turner collaborated on the engraved print project, Picturesque Tour of Italy, published 1820. It represents advice to the artist on travelling in Italy in preparation for his first tour of the country in 1819 (see the introduction to the sketchbook). The text was first transcribed by Finberg,1 and is repeated here with minor variations:
Travel back to Rome by the | same road and to Florence | by the Sienna Road | Cross the Appenines to Bologna. | one days journey of posting. | At Bologna. Inn. La Pace. Parche | 2 syllables | see the Academy for the | Collection of Pictures.
Hakewill’s suggestions are based upon his own travels within Italy in 1816–17 and views of Bologna, and the road between Florence and Bologna can be found amidst his drawings from the time (British School at Rome Library).2 Turner’s itinerary ultimately differed from Hakewill’s. He passed through Bologna on the outward, as well as the return journey from Rome, and travelled to Florence via Arezzo, rather than Siena. He did however, opt to take the Siena road to Florence on his second Italian tour of 1828. Hakewill’s notes on Bologna continue on folios 18 verso and 20 (D13892 and D13895). The content outlined here is also repeated to some extent on folio 37 verso (D13931). For Turner’s 1819 sketches of the city, see the Venice to Ancona sketchbook (Tate D14536; Turner Bequest CLXXVI 26b).

Nicola Moorby
March 2010

Finberg 1909, p.498.
Tony Cubberley and Luke Herrmann, Twilight of the Grand Tour: A Catalogue of the drawings by James Hakewill in the British School at Rome Library, Rome 1992, nos.2.58–2.64, pp.176–82, reproduced.

How to cite

Nicola Moorby, ‘Notes by James Hakewill on Travelling in Italy 1819 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, March 2010, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-notes-by-james-hakewill-on-travelling-in-italy-r1138711, accessed 23 October 2019.