J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Ponte Rotto, Rome 1819

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 53 Verso:
Ponte Rotto, Rome 1819
D16250
Turner Bequest CLXXXVIII 52 a
Pencil and watercolour on white wove paper, 114 x 189 mm
Inscribed by the artist in pencil ‘[?Grey]’ centre right-hand edge
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
This view depicts the Ponte Rotto (formerly the Pons Aemilius), an ancient ruined stone bridge at the southernmost tip of the Isola Tiberina. Today there is just one isolated arch remaining in the centre of the river near the late nineteenth-century iron bridge, the Ponte Palatino. However, in Turner’s day there were three linked to the western bank and the sketch is taken from this end. The structure was originally damaged by a flood in 1598 which swept away the eastern pillars, hence its name which literally translates as ‘Broken Bridge’.1
The cluster of buildings visible on the left-hand side of sketch were located in the Trastevere district of the city and include a flight of steps leading down to the river and on the far left, the Church of San Salvatore de Pede Pontis. They can clearly be seen in drawings by James Hakewill (1778–1843), View of the Tibur and the ‘Ponte San Bartolomeo, anciently Pons Cestius’, from the Ponte Rotto 1817 (British School at Rome Library) and the Dutch painter Jan Asselijn (after 1610–52), Ponte Rotto in Rome 1635–45 (Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam). Everything seen here was demolished at the end of the nineteenth century during the construction of the Lungotevere and embankment.
On the opposite bank, the tower visible on the far right-hand side belongs to the Palazzo Senatorio (Senatorial Palace) on the Capitoline Hill. The drawing continues on the opposite sheet of the double-page spread with the Casa dei Crescenzi, see folio 54 (D16257; Turner Bequest CLXXXVIII 56). For other sketches of the Ponte Rotto see the Rome and Florence sketchbook (Tate D16490; Turner Bequest CXCI 4) and the Albano, Nemi, Rome sketchbook (Tate D15376; Turner Bequest CLXXXII 43).

Nicola Moorby
September 2008

1
Raymond Keaveney, Views of Rome from the Thomas Ashby Collection in the Vatican Library, exhibition catalogue, Smithsonian Institution, Washington 1988, p.90.

How to cite

Nicola Moorby, ‘Ponte Rotto, Rome 1819 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, September 2008, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-ponte-rotto-rome-r1139762, accessed 17 January 2022.