J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Ruins on the Palatine Hill, Rome 1819

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 20 Recto:
Ruins on the Palatine Hill, Rome 1819
D16422
Turner Bequest CXC 20
Pencil and grey watercolour wash on white wove paper, 130 x 255 mm
Inscribed by ?John Ruskin with traces of red ink top right and by an unknown hand in pencil ‘20’ bottom right
Stamped in black ‘CXC 20’ bottom right
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
The subject of this sketch is part of the ancient ruins of the Palatine Hill in Rome.1 Turner’s viewpoint is from a point on the south-eastern side of the hill, near the site of the Septizodium Severi, looking towards the substructures of the Palace of Septimius Severus on the left and the crumbling exedra of the Hippodromus Palatii, part of the Domus Augustana on the right. Like many drawings within this sketchbook, the composition has been executed over a washed grey background and Turner has created areas of pale highlights by scratching through to the white paper beneath.
For other studies of the Palatine ruins see folios 16 verso–17 and 38 (D16418–D16419 and D16457; Turner Bequest 16a–17 and 43). Related sketches can also be found in the Albano, Nemi, Rome sketchbook (Tate D15391; Turner Bequest CLXXXII 50) and the Rome C. Studies sketchbook (Tate D16383; Turner Bequest CLXXXIX 54).
1
Compare with the left-hand side of the composition, The Palatine with the Church of San Bonaventura, by an anonymous eighteenth century artist, in Raymond Keaveney, Views of Rome from the Thomas Ashby Collection in the Vatican Library, exhibition catalogue, Smithsonian Institution, Washington 1988, no.17, reproduced p.[101].
Verso:
Blank except for traces of grey watercolour wash.

Nicola Moorby
May 2009

How to cite

Nicola Moorby, ‘Ruins on the Palatine Hill, Rome 1819 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, May 2009, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-ruins-on-the-palatine-hill-rome-r1132521, accessed 21 May 2022.