J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Schloss Callenberg, near Coburg; Schloss Ernsthöhe (later Hohenfels) and Coburg from the West, with Veste Coburg Beyond; Distant Views of Veste Coburg 1840

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 62 Recto:
Schloss Callenberg, near Coburg; Schloss Ernsthöhe (later Hohenfels) and Coburg from the West, with Veste Coburg Beyond; Distant Views of Veste Coburg 1840
D31398
Turner Bequest CCCX 62
Pencil on cream wove paper, 198 x 126 mm
Inscribed by Turner in pencil ‘Altenberg’ towards top right, ‘Coburg | Sunday 20 Sept’ centre right, ‘Road’ below left of centre, and ‘[...]Altenberg’ bottom left
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘62’ bottom right
Stamped in black ‘CCCX – 62’ bottom right
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
There are five studies here, made one above the other down the page, with the one at the bottom right inverted. Finberg correctly transcribed Turner’s notes ‘Coburg’ and ‘Altenberg’, although the significance of the latter is unclear,1 as Cecilia Powell has identified the top two sketches as showing the medieval Schloss Callenberg2 (see also folio 10 verso; D31296), seen to the west on its wooded hill in countryside south of Biersdorf, about three miles north-west of Coburg.
Next is a view of Coburg itself, with the regular form of Schloss Ernsthöhe (later Hohenfels) aligned with the distant Veste Coburg fortress to its east-south-east beyond the town, lightly indicated to the right; at the bottom are two slighter studies, apparently also of Veste Coburg.3
Turner’s unusually specific record of the day as well as the date, ‘Sunday 20 Sept’ has proved important in dating this sketchbook; as has since been confirmed, Finberg placed it at about 1840. Having first noted another sketch (folio 22 recto; D31318) as relating to an 1841 painting,4 he observed of the note here: ‘The 20th September, 1840, fell on a Sunday.’5 For the numerous Coburg views in this sketchbook, see under folio 1 verso (D31278).6

Matthew Imms
September 2018

1
See Finberg 1909, II, p.999.
2
See Powell 1995, p.244.
3
Ibid.
4
See Finberg 1909, II, p.997.
5
Ibid., p.999; see also George 1971, p.86, and Powell 1995, pp.71, 82 note 61.
6
See also Powel 1995, pp.72, 82 notes 63 and 64.

How to cite

Matthew Imms, ‘Schloss Callenberg, near Coburg; Schloss Ernsthöhe (later Hohenfels) and Coburg from the West, with Veste Coburg Beyond; Distant Views of Veste Coburg 1840 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, September 2018, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2019, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-schloss-callenberg-near-coburg-schloss-ernsthohe-later-r1196186, accessed 04 March 2021.