J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Stoke Damerel, near Plymouth, beyond the Mill on Stonehouse Lake 1813

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 4 Recto:
Stoke Damerel, near Plymouth, beyond the Mill on Stonehouse Lake 1813
Turner Bequest CXXXI 4
Pencil on white wove paper, 95 x 157 mm
Inscribed by John Ruskin in blue ink ‘4’ bottom right, descending vertically, and ‘6’ bottom left, descending vertically
Stamped in black ‘CXXXI – 4’ bottom left, descending vertically
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
With the page turned horizontally, Turner’s view is to the north-west across Stonehouse Lake. At the lower left are mills built on a bridge then partly demolished on the near side in a dispute over toll charges;1 the lake was later filled in and is now playing fields, and the mills do not survive on the later Mill Bridge. The area was then mostly open land between Plymouth Dock (later Devonport) to the west, Plymouth to the east and Stonehouse to the south of the tidal lake.
In the distance are the scattered buildings of Lower and Higher Stoke; the hill is now largely built over; at one time a railway line ran across it to Devonport. The land in the foreground, then known as Five Fields, is now occupied by Wantage Gardens. The mills also appear in the sketch of Stoke Damerel on folio 3 recto (D09220), under which related views are discussed.
The subjects as far as folio 127 recto (D09358) are all identified or presumed sites within a few miles in and around Plymouth, suggesting a series of fairly short excursions.
Brian Moseley, ‘Millbridge’, Plymouth Data: The Encyclopaedia of Plymouth History, accessed 30 March 2009, http://www.plymouthdata.info/Bridges-Millbridge.htm.

Matthew Imms
April 2014

How to cite

Matthew Imms, ‘Stoke Damerel, near Plymouth, beyond the Mill on Stonehouse Lake 1813 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, April 2014, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, September 2014, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-stoke-damerel-near-plymouth-beyond-the-mill-on-stonehouse-r1147948, accessed 22 September 2019.