Turner Bequest CLXXX 56
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘56’ top right, ascending right-hand edge
Stamped in black ‘CLXXX 56’, ascending right-hand edge
The sketch in the top left-hand corner represents a detail from the back of an altar dedicated to Jupiter Optimus Maximus Sol Sarapis.1 The drawing, which represents an oak wreath tied with ribbons, is annotated with the number ‘3’. Further studies of the altar can be seen on folios 57 verso–58 (D15215–D15216; Turner Bequest CLXXX 56a–7).
The sketch across the top right-hand corner of the page represents the lid of an Amazon sarcophagus, decorated with sculptural reliefs of captive and mourning Amazons, interspersed with weaponry.2 The object originally displayed in the Sala di Fauno (although today it can be found in the Galleria) can be seen in a near-contemporaneous drawing by James Hakewill (1778–1843), Rome. Antiques of the Capitol 1817 (British School at Rome Library).3
The sketch in the centre of the page, second from the top, represents the ornamental top of the cinerarium of Antonia Helene.4 The decoration comprises double volutes with rosettes and palmettes.
The sketch in the bottom right-hand corner represents part of an Altar of Neptune, inscribed ‘ARA NEPTVNI’.5
The sketch in the bottom left-hand corner, parallel with the bottom edge, depicts a Hercules herm.6 The drawing is annotated with the number ‘2’.
How to cite
Nicola Moorby, ‘Studies of Sculptural Fragments from the Sala di Fauno of the Palazzo Nuovo in the Capitoline Museums, Rome 1819 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, November 2009, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www