Turner Bequest CLXXX 46
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘46’ bottom right
Stamped in black ‘CLXXX 46’ bottom right
Cecilia Powell has identified the sketch in the top left-hand corner as a fragment of a relief with a satyr and maenad.1 The object can be found in the Galleria delle Statue (Gallery of Statues, formerly also known as the Gallery of Cleopatra).2 Turner has annotated the drawing with the number ‘743’.
Powell has identified the central sketch as depicting the Sarcophagus of Constantina, a red porphyry tomb decorated with reliefs from the Mausoleum of Costanza next to the Basilica of Sant’Agnese fuori le mura (see the Small Roman C. Studies sketchbook, Tate D16454; Turner Bequest CXC 40).3 The sarcophagus still stands in situ in the Sala a Croce Greca (Hall of the Greek Cross),4 and can be seen in a drawing by James Hakewill (1778–1843), Rome. Museum of the Vatican. Sala a croce greca looking to the Rotonda (British School at Rome Library), an illustration which was engraved for Hakewill’s Picturesque Tour of Italy, published 1818.5 Turner, who collaborated with Hakewill on other illustrations for this project, made a couple of similar general sketches of the Sala a Croce Greca, see folios 48 and 48 verso (D15196 and D15197; Turner Bequest CLXXX 47 and 47a). He also recorded the other large sarcophagus on the opposite side of this room, that belonging to Helena, the mother of Constantine, see folio 47 verso (D15195; Turner Bequest CLXXX 46a).
The sketch at the bottom of the page represents a decorative corbel, also found in the Sala a Croce Greca, supporting a statue of a man holding a cornucopia. Turner has annotated the drawing with the number ‘1206’.
How to cite
Nicola Moorby, ‘Studies of Sculptural Fragments from the Vatican Museums, Including a Relief with a Satyr and Maenad and the Sarcophagus of Constantia 1819 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, November 2009, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www