A.J. Finberg, A Complete Inventory of the Drawings of the Turner Bequest, London 1909, vol.I, p.538, as ‘The Forum, with remains of Temple of Vespasian and Arch of Severus on the left, Temple of Saturn on the right, and in centre the Column of Phocas leading to the Arch of Titus’.
Gerald Wilkinson, The Sketches of Turner, R.A. 1802–20: Genius of the Romantic, London 1974, reproduced p.187, as ‘The Forum’.
Gerald Wilkinson, Turner Sketches 1789–1820, London 1977, p., reproduced p.157 bottom, as ‘The Forum, Rome’.
Cecilia Powell, ‘Turner on Classic Ground: His Visits to Central and Southern Italy and Related Paintings and Drawings’, unpublished Ph.D thesis, Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London 1984, pp.116, 256 note 106, reproduced pl.57, as ‘The Forum, looking south’.
Cecilia Powell, Turner in the South: Rome, Naples, Florence, New Haven and London 1987, pp. note 17, 125 note 66, 197, reproduced pl.49, as ‘The Forum, looking south’.
Horst Koch, William Turner, Kirchdorf/Inn 1988, trans. Stephen Gorman, London 1991, p.10 reproduced, as ‘The forum with remains of the Temple of Vespasian’.