J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner The Martinsturm and Deuringschlössle, Bregenz 1840

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 3 Verso:
The Martinsturm and Deuringschlössle, Bregenz 1840
Turner Bequest CCCXX 3a
Pencil on white wove paper, 89 x 149 mm
Inscribed by Turner in pencil ‘[?Clouds]’ towards top left, and ‘Bergentz’ bottom centre
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
With the page turned horizontally, near the centre is the large onion dome of Bregenz’s Martinsturm. Towards the right the smaller dome of the Deuringschlössle, a large fortified house (latterly a hotel) high on Bregenz’s Oberstadt, is seen from the north with the Gebhardsberg mountain rising beyond; Edward Yardley has called it a ‘very freely worked interpretation’ of the view.1 Despite suggesting Bregenz as the subject of subsequent sketches, Finberg somewhat whimsically transcribed Turner’s scrawled inscription as ‘Borgeley (?)’,2 though it appears to read ‘Bergentz’. The two domes are seen from a different angle on folio 2 verso (D32266), under which further drawings on adjacent pages and four Bregenz watercolours on blue paper are noted.3 The spire at the bottom right is a brief continuation from the view of Burg Hohenbregenz on folio 4 recto opposite (D32269).
Barbara Dawson has related this page and folio 4 verso (D32270) to one of the contemporary watercolours (National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin),4 although the topographical correspondence is not especially close.

Matthew Imms
September 2018

Yardley 1983, pp.54–5.
Finberg 1909, II, p.1030.
See also Powell 1995, pp.65, 81 note 8, 155, and Selborne 2008, pp.96, 98 note 2.
Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.462 no.1351, as ‘Rapperswil’, reproduced; see Dawson 1988, p.114.

How to cite

Matthew Imms, ‘The Martinsturm and Deuringschlössle, Bregenz 1840 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, September 2018, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2019, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-the-martinsturm-and-deuringschlossle-bregenz-r1196503, accessed 07 August 2022.