J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner The Rham Plateau and the Bock, Luxembourg, from the North-East c.1839

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
The Rham Plateau and the Bock, Luxembourg, from the North-East c.1839
Turner Bequest CCXXI L
Gouache, pen and ink and watercolour on blue wove paper, 142 x 190 mm
Blind-stamped with Turner Bequest monogram bottom right
Stamped in black ‘CCXXI–L’ bottom right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
The fortified Rocher du Bock is pictured at the centre of this vividly coloured gouache. The promontory is foreshortened here, and shown from a north-easterly perspective with the towers of the mighty Bock fortress in the middle distance. Turner’s rendering of the formidable military complex of Vauban, chief military engineer to King Louis XIV, evokes its expansiveness, as the promontory is depicted projecting out towards the horizon line. A vaporous blue mist rises from the Alzette valley below, creeping up the sides of the gorge and obscuring the foundations of the fortress so that sheer cliff and citadel appear constructed of the same gigantic stone. The foreground is occupied by abundant vegetation, and framed, to the left, by a striated rust-red cliff.
As with other of Turner’s Luxembourg gouaches, the colouring here is rich and multifarious, comprised of representational and non-representational pigments such as opaque ochre and dilute purple, which achieves striking chromatic contrasts. To define the foreground foliage and rock formations, Turner has drawn over the gouache and watercolour with pen and brown ink in rough hatching and loose scalloped line. For similar drawings see Tate D20244, D20246–D20249, D20264, D20270, D20272–D20273, D20284–D20285, N05240; Turner Bequest CCXXI K, CCXXI M–CCXXI P, CCXXII E, CCXXII K, CCXXII M–CCXXII N, CCXXII Y–CCXXII Z.
Inscribed in pencil ‘16a’ at centre and ‘33 a’ at centre towards right; stamped in black with Turner Bequest monogram and ‘CCXXI L’ at centre towards bottom; inscribed in pencil ‘CCXXI L’ at bottom centre.

Alice Rylance-Watson
June 2013

How to cite

Alice Rylance-Watson, ‘The Rham Plateau and the Bock, Luxembourg, from the North-East c.1839 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, June 2013, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, November 2014, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-the-rham-plateau-and-the-bock-luxembourg-from-the-north-east-r1150959, accessed 18 September 2021.