J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Three Views of the Stern of a Man-of-War, and a Ship under Full Canvas 1805

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 10 Recto:
Three Views of the Stern of a Man-of-War, and a Ship under Full Canvas 1805
Turner Bequest LXXXIX 11
Pencil on white wove paper (the upper edge repaired), 114 x 184 mm
Inscribed by Turner in pencil ‘black top’ to right of the larger stern, ‘G’ at left, ‘74’ by the ship under full canvas, and ‘Redoubtable ... Master. M. LBG | Monsieur ... Luc’
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘11’ bottom right
Stamped in black ‘LXXXIX 11’ bottom right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
In reading Turner’s inscription, Finberg got no further than ‘Redoubtable’. Hard as it is to decipher, it does seem to contain more information about the Redoutable, the French warship most closely engaged the Victory at Trafalgar and from whose mizzen fighting top a marksman aimed his fatal shot at Nelson. In the reading proposed above, Turner notes her complement of seventy-four guns and the name of her captain, Jean-Jacques Lucas. Although the Redoutable was fatally damaged in the battle and sank the next day, her crucial role meant that it was important for Turner to gather information about her, prior to including her alongside the Victory in his Battle of Trafalgar, as Seen from the Mizen Starboard Shrouds of the Victory, 1806 (Tate N00480;1 see Introduction to the sketchbook for the picture and related works).
The position of the Redoutable in the battle line at Trafalgar is indicated in diagrams on folios 9 verso and 31 verso of the sketchbook (D05456, D05479; Turner Bequest LXXXIX 24a), and she also appears in the sketches and studies connected with the picture, for example folios 15 recto and verso (D05481, D05482; Turner Bequest LXXXIX 26, 26a). None of the sketches on this leaf, nor indeed any of these visualisations, can be regarded as portraits of the ship, but are reconstructions from eye-witness reports. Here, the angle of the large central stern corresponds to her position in the 1806 picture.
Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, revised ed., New Haven and London 1984, p.46 no.58 (pl.68).

David Blayney Brown
March 2006

How to cite

David Blayney Brown, ‘Three Views of the Stern of a Man-of-War, and a Ship under Full Canvas 1805 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, March 2006, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-three-views-of-the-stern-of-a-man-of-war-and-a-ship-under-r1139254, accessed 21 June 2024.