J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Two Sketches in Rome: The Casa dei Crescenzi, also Known as Casa di Pilato; and the Porta Asinaria 1819

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 36 Recto:
Two Sketches in Rome: The Casa dei Crescenzi, also Known as Casa di Pilato; and the Porta Asinaria 1819
D15362
Turner Bequest CLXXXII 36
Pencil on white wove paper, 113 x 189 mm
Inscribed by the artist in pencil ‘near Pont Rotto | Pilates House’ bottom centre
Inscribed by John Ruskin in blue ink ‘36’ top right and ‘301’ bottom right
Stamped in black ‘CLXXXII 36’ bottom right
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
The main sketch on this page shows the unusual ruins of the medieval Casa dei Crescenzi, a former tower fortress converted into a mansion during the eleventh century by the powerful Crescenzi family using fragments of Roman remains. The house, which stands near the Ponte Rotto on the present-day Via Luigi Petroselli, is also known as the Cola di Rienzo, or the Casa di Pilato (House of Pilate). This last name refers to the tradition of performing Passion plays within the city from the fifteenth century onwards. Certain streets were thought to resemble the Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem and the Casa dei Crescenzi became the stand in for the House of Pontius Pilate where the scenes of Christ’s flagellation, the crown of thorns and the Ecce Homo took place.1
In the top right-hand corner of the page (or top left in portrait format) is a small sketch of the Porta Asinaria (Gate of the Donkeys), a Roman gate flanked by two half oval towers found within the southern stretch of the Aurelian Walls near the Porta San Giovanni and the Cathedral Church of San Giovanni in Laterano. For a related sketch see folio 38 (D15366).

Nicola Moorby
May 2008

1
Rodolfo Lanciani, Pagan and Christian Rome, Boston and New York 1892, p.181.

How to cite

Nicola Moorby, ‘Two Sketches in Rome: The Casa dei Crescenzi, also Known as Casa di Pilato; and the Porta Asinaria 1819 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, May 2008, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-two-sketches-in-rome-the-casa-dei-crescenzi-also-known-as-r1132657, accessed 24 May 2022.