J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Two Views of the Temple of Aescalupius in the Grounds of Villa Borghese, Rome 1819

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 22 Verso:
Two Views of the Temple of Aescalupius in the Grounds of Villa Borghese, Rome 1819
D16526
Turner Bequest CXCI 22 a
Pencil on white wove paper, 113 x 189 mm
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Cecilia Powell has identified this sketch as a view in the grounds of the Villa Borghese, a large area of parkland north of central Rome, built during the early seventeenth century for Cardinal Scipione Borghese, nephew of Pope Paul V.1 In actual fact the page contains two studies of the Temple of Aescalupius, an Ionic temple built in 1786 by Antonio and Mario Asprucci which stands on the shores of lake in an area to the north-west of the park.2 Both sketches depict the building from the north-east showing the portico on the left and the inner cella housing a statue of the god on the right. In the background on the right can be seen the distant dome of St Peter’s. A more detailed study showing the front of the temple can be found on folio 22 (D16526).
Turner made a number of quick studies of the Borghese gardens with the various architectural features seen through the trees, see for example the St Peter’s sketchbook (Tate D16267–D16270; Turner Bequest CLXXXVIII 61–63). Other sketches of the grounds can be found on folios 21–21 verso and 23 (D16523–D16524 and D16527).

Nicola Moorby
February 2009

1
Powell 1984, p.428; see http://en.villaborghese.it/la_villa/storia, accessed February 2009.

How to cite

Nicola Moorby, ‘Two Views of the Temple of Aescalupius in the Grounds of Villa Borghese, Rome 1819 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, February 2009, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-two-views-of-the-temple-of-aescalupius-in-the-grounds-of-r1138419, accessed 17 January 2022.