Turner Bequest CCLXXX 71
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink with ruled lines along top and bottom of sheet.
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘71’ bottom right
Stamped in black ‘CCLXXX 71’ bottom right
Peter Bower has noted that this study is made on off-white low-grade machine-made cartridge paper. The maker is unknown and there is no watermark. This paper would have been relatively cheap to buy and was inferior to standard drawing papers. Turner has used the ‘felt’ side of the sheet which has slightly more texture than the ‘wire’ side, allowing better adhesion of pigment and graphite to the surface of the sheet. Many of Turner’s vignette studies were made on a similar grade of machine-made paper, and the artist employed the ‘felt’ side on all of them.1
How to cite
Meredith Gamer, ‘Vignette Study of Boat in Waves; ?Study for ‘Lord Ullin’s Daughter’ for Campbell’s ‘Poetical Works’ c.1835–6 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, August 2006, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www