J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Windsor Castle from the River Thames opposite Clewer c.1827

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 1 Recto:
Windsor Castle from the River Thames opposite Clewer c.1827
Turner Bequest CCXXV 1
Pencil on white wove paper, 116 x 222 mm
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘1’ bottom right
Stamped in black ‘CCXXV – 1’ bottom right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
The view is east-south-east across the River Thames towards Windsor Castle, with the village of Clewer on the right; Turner seems to have drawn the spire of St Andrew’s Church twice, once obscured by a poplar. The view towards the castle is now disrupted by the dual-carriageway Queen Elizabeth Bridge (beyond which a railway line had already been built across the meadows, crossing the river west of the castle), just east of Clewer, itself obscured by dense tree growth along the bank.
The exact course of the meandering river in the foreground is unclear, and really only signalled by the presence of a man in a punt, but Turner’s viewpoint appears to be somewhere south-east of the later Royal Windsor Racecourse, probably on the tight bend of the north bank, since views of the castle on folios 2 recto and verso and 3 recto (D20559–D20561) indicate that he was walking eastwards along that side.
Eric Shanes has mentioned this drawing in relation to the watercolour Windsor Castle of about 1828–9 (British Museum, London),1 engraved in 1831 for Turner’s Picturesque Views in England and Wales (Tate impressions: T05086, T06093), although the composition has more in common with the sketches on subsequent pages.
Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.397 no.829, reproduced, as c.1829; Kim Sloan, J.M.W. Turner: Watercolours from the R.W. Lloyd Bequest in the British Museum, London 1998, p.98 no.30, reproduced in colour p.[99], as c.1828–9.
Technical notes:
There is noticeable staining, apparently from the page’s proximity to the inside of the front cover opposite.

Matthew Imms
August 2014

How to cite

Matthew Imms, ‘Windsor Castle from the River Thames opposite Clewer c.1827 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, August 2014, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, April 2015, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-windsor-castle-from-the-river-thames-opposite-clewer-r1172966, accessed 22 May 2024.