J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Yorkshire Subjects around Farnley and Beyond c.1808–24

CXCV 154, CXCVI B, C, M, O, CCIII K, L, M, N, O, CCLXIII 35, 51, 97, 114
Reflecting ongoing research across the Turner Bequest, this grouping comprises a variety of separate sheets complementing those catalogued by David Hill in 2009 in his parallel ‘Farnley and Related Subjects’ subsection, encompassing work for Turner’s close friend and major patron Walter Fawkes of Farnley Hall in Yorkshire (see Hill’s overall Introduction to this section).
There is a slight chalk study (D17125; Turner Bequest CXCV 154) for an early watercolour of one of Fawkes’s properties near Farnley, and ‘colour beginnings’ for views around the area (D17177, D17179, D25219, D25236; Turner Bequest CXCVI M, O, CCLXIII 97, 114). D17768–D17772 (Turner Bequest CCIII K, L, M, N, O), a series of studies of wooded river valley subjects, may date from Turner’s last visit to Fawkes in 1824, as discussed under D17771, while D25157 (Turner Bequest CCLXIII 35) is a loose colour study, possibly representing the Farnley estate.
Ranging further afield, two ‘colour beginnings’ (D17166, D17167; Turner Bequest CXCVI B, C) informed variant watercolours of Scarborough owned by Fawkes and a Yorkshire relative, while D25173 (Turner Bequest CCLXIII 51) may relate to a completed view of industrial Leeds. For a discussion of the function of such colour studies in general, see the Introduction to the ‘England and Wales Colour Studies c.1825–39’ section.1
See also Eric Shanes, ‘Beginnings’ in Evelyn Joll, Martin Butlin and Luke Herrmann (eds.), The Oxford Companion to J.M.W. Turner, Oxford 2001, pp.21–3; among many other accounts, see also Andrew Wilton in Martin Butlin, Wilton and John Gage, Turner 1775–1851, exhibition catalogue, Royal Academy, London 1974, p.26; and Wilton 1979, p.187.

Matthew Imms
September 2016

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How to cite

Matthew Imms, ‘Yorkshire Subjects around Farnley and Beyond c.1808–24’, subset, September 2016, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2016, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/yorkshire-subjects-around-farnley-and-beyond-r1183697, accessed 21 May 2024.