T02166 Two Cubes demonstrating the Stereometric Method 1930
Painted plywood, each 12 x 12 x 12 (30.5 x 30.5 x 30.5)
Presented by the artist 1977
Exh: Gabo: konstruktive Plastik, Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover, November 1930 (2a); Naum Gabo: The Constructive Process, Tate Gallery, November 1976-January 1977 (5) as 'Two Cubes (demonstrating stereometric method)'
The artist confirmed in a letter of 17 August 1977 from Mrs Miriam Gabo that these two plywood cubes were made for his exhibition at the Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover, in November 1930, as demonstrations of the stereometric method of construction. One is in the form of a conventional cube, but the other has two horizontal squares of plywood at top and bottom with two diagonally intersecting vertical planes in between, so that it is open on all four sides. The catalogue for the Hanover exhibition lists under no.2:
Models to illustrate the new stereometric form in comparison with the old massive sculptured form.These two cubes were exhibited as no.2a.
(a) Pair for comparison: massive cube. - constructed cube (diagonal crossed planes).
(b) Pair for comparison: massive column. - constructed column (double T-form).
The Kestner-Gesellschaft exhibition included a small introductory section to illustrate the origins of Constructivism, including examples of Cubism (a drawing by Picasso), Futurism (a drawing by Corona) and Suprematism (a painting by Malevich). These explanatory models were followed by a drawing of the same forms and by the sculpture 'Constructed Head' 1915 as 'The first application of the stereometric method in sculpture'. Gabo also gave a lecture at the time of the exhibition on 'The Rational and Irrational in Art', followed by a discussion..
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.242, reproduced p.242