This is one of a number of works made by Hughes from the mid-1960s that incorporate geometric shapes set against a white ground. A Shared characteristic of these works is their use of aluminium, reflective paint surfaces and relief elements. Describing his use of these materials, in 1966 he commented: 'My work...doesn't easily fall into
paintingorconstruction.' For this reason he called works such as 'White and Aluminium II', 'relief paintings'. Though the works are abstract, Hughes's emphasis on a deliberate arrangement of the shapes was a reaction against the expressive, gestural painting that had dominated the previous decade. He commented: 'I thought that was too loose and indulgent.'