Some artists in this display address spirituality through non-Christian imagery. Others such as Souza, who was raised as a Catholic, continued to consider these issues through traditional Christian iconography.
Here, the jumble of buildings in the upper part of the painting contrasts sharply with the austerely simple landscape that surrounds the two saints. This marked division suggests the separation of the material and spiritual worlds. Likewise, the formal clarity of the figures compared with the visual confusion of the city may signify a state of grace.