Joseph Mallord William Turner

Notes by James Hakewill on Rome; Also Sketches by Turner including a Distant View of ?Jesi, and a Study of Rocket


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Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Pen and ink on paper
Support: 88 x 114 mm
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Turner Bequest CLXXI 35 a

Catalogue entry

The inscription on this page represents advice to Turner on travelling in Italy in preparation for his first Italian tour of 1819. The author is James Hakewill (1778–1843), with whom the artist collaborated on the engraved print project, Picturesque Tour of Italy, published 1820 (see the introduction to the sketchbook). The text was first transcribed by Finberg,1 and is repeated here with minor variations:
At Rome –
Frescoes in the Chapels of the
Church of St Gregorio.
Pictures in the Palazzo Schiarra
D[itt]o Palazzo Chigi
Palazzo Doria
{in the Church of the Capuchins
{is the St Michael of Guido
{Palazzo Rospigliosi for
{the Aurora of Guido
Villa Ludovisi for the Aurora of Guido ^Guercino^ and
fine statues.
Spada Palace for the
Statue of Pompey.
The text lists places of artistic interest in Rome including the Palazzo Rospigliosi-Pallavicini on the Quirinal Hill which Turner visited to view the famous ceiling fresco, the Aurora of Guido Reni (1575–1642). He made extensive notes on the paintings in the Remarks (Italy) sketchbook (Tate D16766–D16767; Turner Bequest CXCIII 3–3a).2 Hakewill’s list continues on folio 35 (D13925) and other notes on Rome can be found on folios 13 verso–15 verso (D13882–D13886).
The page also contains part of a landscape sketch by Turner, continued from the opposite sheet of the double-page spread, see folio 36 (D13928). The annotated inscription suggests that the subject is a distant view of Jesi, a town west of Ancona, with the Apennine mountains beyond. Furthermore, the artist has also used the page to make rough pencil studies of a plant which he has labelled ‘Rucola’, the Italian word for rocket.

Nicola Moorby
March 2010

Finberg 1909, p.500.
See Cecilia Powell, Turner in the South: Rome, Naples, Florence, New Haven and London 1987, p.[67].

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