Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 32 Verso:
Sketches at Paestum, Including the Western End of the Temple of Athena (formerly known as the Temple of Ceres) 1819
Turner Bequest CLXXXVI 30 a
Turner Bequest CLXXXVI 30 a
Pencil on white wove paper, 113 x 189 mm
Inscribed by the artist in pencil ‘3’ and ‘2L’ within sketch of temple
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Turner 1775–1851, Royal Academy, London, November 1974–March 1975 (232, as ‘Two studies of the Group of Temples at Paestum, with four composition sketches’).
A.J. Finberg, A Complete Inventory of the Drawings of the Turner Bequest, London 1909, vol.I, p.552, as ‘Do. [Temple at Pæstum]’.
Martin Butlin, Andrew Wilton and John Gage, Turner 1775–1851, exhibition catalogue, Royal Academy, London 1974, p.91, no.232, as ‘Two studies of the Group of Temples at Paestum, with four composition sketches’.
Cecilia Powell, ‘Turner’s Vignettes and the Making of Rogers’s “Italy”, Turner Studies, Summer 1983, vol.3, no.1, p.8.
Cecilia Powell, ‘Turner on Classic Ground: His Visits to Central and Southern Italy and Related Paintings and Drawings’, unpublished Ph.D thesis, Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London 1984, pp.190 note 91, 425, 535–6 note 26, as ‘The Temple of Ceres; and small sketches of Paestum as a whole’.
Cecilia Powell, Turner in the South: Rome, Naples, Florence, New Haven and London 1987, p.83 note 71.
Dr Jan Piggott, Turner’s Vignettes, exhibition catalogue, Tate Gallery, London 1993, p.82 under no.7.
This page contains several studies associated with Turner’s exploration of Paestum, an ancient city on a plain between the Lattari mountains and the Tyrrenhian sea, approximately twenty miles south-east of Salerno. The site was most famous for its three fifth-century BC Greek temples which had been rediscovered at the end of the eighteenth century. The main sketch on this sheet depicts the western end of the Temple of Athena (formerly known as the Temple of Ceres), which as Turner shows has six columns at the front and three steps leading up to the interior, as well as a partially preserved entablature and pediment.1 In the sky above there is a separate study of the decorative detail at the top of one of Doric columns. In the distance to the right can be seen the relative position of the Second Temple of Hera (formerly known as the Temple of Neptune). For a depiction of the eastern end of the Temple of Athena see folio 33 (D15972; Turner Bequest CLXXXVI 31).
Inverted on the page are three further drawings depicting general views of Paestum. For a more detailed discussion and other sketches of the temples see folio 31 (D15968; Turner Bequest CLXXXVI 29).
First identified by Powell 1984, p.425.
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