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The two sketches on this page relate to Turner’s exploration of Paestum, the southernmost destination on his 1819 tour of Italy. On the left is a rough outline study of the western end of the Temple of Athena (formerly known as the Temple of Ceres), one of three celebrated fifth-century BC Greek ruins which stand in the plain between the Lattari mountains and the Tyrrenhian sea.1 For more detailed drawings see folio 32 verso–33 (D15971–D15972; Turner Bequest CLXXXVI 30a–31). On the right-hand side, parallel with the edge of the page, is a sketch of the Porta Sirena (Siren’s Gate), the eastern entry point in the old city walls.2
For a more detailed discussion and other sketches of Paestum see folio 31 (D15968; Turner Bequest CLXXXVI 29).