Vilaincour was born in Krakow, Poland. He moved to England where he studied art for a short time before volunteering to fight for the British army. He later taught at the Chelsea School of Art and has exhibited many of his paintings in London.
This painting combines objects which evoke the artist's own personal memories as well as his research into European history. Two early accordions can be seen in the centre, while to the right are shell-like lamp shades. On the left are uniforms of Napoleon's army and Polish army insignias.