Name given to art made in America and Britain from the mid 1950s and 1960s that drew inspiration from sources in popular and commercial culture
Pop art began in the mid 1950s and reached its peak in the 1960s. It was a revolt against prevailing orthodoxies in art and life and can be seen as one of the first manifestations of postmodernism. Sources pop artists used for their work included Hollywood movies, advertising, packaging, pop music and comic books. Modernist critics were horrified by the pop artists use of such low subject matter and by their apparently uncritical treatment of it. In fact pop both took art into new areas of subject matter and developed new ways of presenting it in art.
Chief artists in America were Roy Lichtenstein, Claes Oldenburg, Andy Warhol; in Britain, Peter Blake, Patrick Caulfield, Richard Hamilton, David Hockney, Allen Jones, Colin Self. In Europe a similar movement was called nouveau réalisme (new realism).