J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Millom Castle and Holy Trinity Church 1809

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Millom Castle and Holy Trinity Church 1809
Turner Bequest CIX 22
Pencil on white wove paper, 230 x 378 mm
Inscribed by Turner in pencil ‘Corn’ bottom left, centre left and bottom centre, and ‘Grey crags’ centre left
Stamped in black ‘CIX 23’ bottom right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
This is one of two views of Millom Castle from this sketchbook, the other being Tate D07535; Turner Bequest CIX 23. They are newly identified here together with further (closer) views, first recognised by Matthew Imms, in the Sandycombe and Yorkshire sketchbook also used during Turner’s northern tour in 1809 (Tate D08975, D08976, D08978, D08998, D0900; Turner Bequest CXXVII 9, 9a, 11, 23a, 25a). Turner’s route homewards towards the end of his Cumbrian tour, noted in his Cockermouth sketchbook (Tate D07538; Turner Bequest CX 1), includes ‘E[gremont], Ulv[erston]’. He must have taken the coast road south past Ravenglass, Bootle, Whitbeck and Kirksanton to Millom and then crossed the Duddon Sands at low tide on his way to Ulverston. Turner may have been encouraged to see the castle, and the adjacent twelfth-century Holy Trinity Church, by the Earl of Lonsdale whose family had acquired the castle from the Huddleston family to use as a base for prospecting for iron ore. The castle is now a farm, in private ownership.
This view looks north, with the Lake District fells in the distance ahead. Duddon Sands are glimpsed on the right. There are reapers or gleaners in the field in the foreground.
Blank. Laid down.

David Blayney Brown
August 2009

How to cite

David Blayney Brown, ‘Millom Castle and Holy Trinity Church 1809 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, August 2009, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-millom-castle-and-holy-trinity-church-r1135648, accessed 29 November 2021.