J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner The Citadel and Pont des Arches, Liège, from a Boat on the Meuse, Looking Downstream, with the Twin Spires of St Bartholemew's Church Visible above the Bridge 1824

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 10 Recto:
The Citadel and Pont des Arches, Liège, from a Boat on the Meuse, Looking Downstream, with the Twin Spires of St Bartholemew’s Church Visible above the Bridge 1824
D20099
Turner Bequest CCXVII 10
Pencil on off-white wove paper, 99 x 162 mm
Inscribed in pencil by Turner ‘Grey’, ‘GR yellow’, ‘G’ top left
Inscribed in blue ink by Ruskin ‘10’ top right and ‘247’ bottom right
Stamped in black ‘CCXVII–10’ bottom right
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Turner took this intricate drawing of Liège from a riverboat on the Meuse, looking towards the Pont des Arches. The parade of quayside buildings is continued onto the folio opposite (Tate D20098; Turner Bequest CCXVII 9a), with a further detail of this architecture recorded at top right. Beyond the bridge, the Collegiate Church of St Bartholomew can be seen, identified by its twin towers and Rhenish Helm spires.1 Liège Citadel crowns the heights at left, overlooking the Meuse valley. A fortress has occupied this site since 1255, and was rebuilt by the French in the eighteenth century and during the Napoleonic Wars.2 The citadel is shown again on folio10 verso (Tate D20100; Turner Bequest CCXVII 10a).
There are colour notes at top left.
1
For more information on St Bartholomew’s Church, see ‘Présentation de la collégiale Saint-Barthélemy’, St Barthélemy, accessed 17 January 2014, English version http://www.st-barthelemy.be/drapeaux/Anglais%20collegiale.pdf
2
‘Liège’, Fortified Places, accessed 17 January 2014, http://www.fortified-places.com/liege
Technical notes:
The paper has mottled and browned significantly, a result of the drawing’s prolonged exhibition and exposure to sunlight during the nineteenth century.

Alice Rylance-Watson
January 2014

How to cite

Alice Rylance-Watson, ‘The Citadel and Pont des Arches, Liège, from a Boat on the Meuse, Looking Downstream, with the Twin Spires of St Bartholemew’s Church Visible above the Bridge 1824 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, January 2014, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, April 2015, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-the-citadel-and-pont-des-arches-liege-from-a-boat-on-the-r1174294, accessed 27 November 2020.