Frances HODGKINS 1869–1947
Painter, chiefly of landscape and still life. Born 28 April 1869 in Dunedin, New Zealand. Received instruction in watercolour painting from her father, a barrister and amateur artist. Began exhibiting with Otago Art Society, Dunedin, 1890. Studied at Dunedin Art School 1895–8 and began teaching and working as an illustrator. Came to Europe 1901. Travelled in England, France, Holland, Italy and Morocco. First one-man exhibition at W. B. Paterson's Gallery 1907. Settled in Paris 1908, where she acquired a reputation as a watercolourist in a plein-air manner; taught for a year at the Atelier Colarossi and afterwards at a school of her own. Visited New Zealand 1904–6 and 1912–13, and Australia 1912–13, holding exhibitions of European work. In England 1914–19, spent the war years mainly in Cornwall. Began to paint in oils 1915. On her return to France in 1920 was influenced by Matisse and evolved a more modern style. Worked as designer for Calico Printers in Manchester 1925–7. First one-man exhibition of her new manner at the Claridge Gallery 1928. Painted frequently in the South of France and Spain. Member of the 7 & 5 Society 1929–34. Spent her last years mainly at Corfe Castle. Died at Dorchester 13 May 1947. Retrospective exhibition at the Lefevre Gallery 1946; memorial exhibitions at Manchester 1947, Isle of Purbeck Arts Club 1948, St George's Gallery 1949 and (with Ethel Walker and Gwen John) the Tate Gallery and Arts Council provincial tour 1952.
Mary Chamot, Dennis Farr and Martin Butlin, The Modern British Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, London 1964, I