Austrian-born sculptor, draughtsman and etcher. His bronzes are mainly tender studies of adolescents or animals, though he also made a number of portrait busts and reliefs. Born in Vienna. Studied at the Vienna School of Arts and Crafts under the architect Strnad, 1912-15. Served in the Austrian Army during the First World War. First made his name as a draughtsman and engraver; only began to make sculpture in 1926. First one-man exhibition (of prints) at the Galerie Hans Goltz, Neue Kunst, Munich, 1920. Lived 1919-21 in Munich, 1921-3 in Berlin, then until 1937 in Vienna. Sculpture included in the Austrian pavilion at the Venice Biennale 1932, 1934, 1936 and again 1958. Married Bettina Bauer, painter, 1930. Came to London as a refugee in 1937 and took British nationality. Awarded the Sculpture Prize of the City of Vienna 1961; elected ARA 1962. Already gravely ill, lived from 1963 in Italy and Austria, and died in Lucerne.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.200